Table 1

The changes in sleep between bipolar disorder patients and healthy controls

StudyStorage rate usedMean actigraphy scores
Time in bed
(min)
Sleep duration
(min)
Sleep latency
(min)
Wake after sleep onset (min)Sleep efficiency
(%)
BD
(SD)
HC
(SD)
BD
(SD)
HC
(SD)
BD
(SD)
HC
(SD)
BD
(SD)
HC
(SD)
BD
(SD)
HC
(SD)
Geoffroy et al251 min epoch511.81
(50.28)
(n=26)
482.31
(49.36) (n=29)
475.42
(64.5)
(n=26)
455.83
(53.98)
(n=29)
25.23
(33.65)
(n=26)
11.59
(7.98)
(n=29)
57.88
(23.17)
(n=26)
52.62
(27.33)
(n=29)
81.54
(9.87)
(n=26)
84.90
(6.32)
(n=29)
Gershon et al261 min epoch503.9
(70.6)
(n=32)
468.0
(50.7)
(n=36)
379.5
(62.1)
(n=32)
360.8
(57.5)
(n=36)
12.0
(11.6)
(n=32)
7.3
(3.5)
(n=36)
96.9
(53.5)
(n=32)
85.6
(27.9)
(n=36)
76.1
(9.4)
(n=32)
77.2
(6.4)
(n=36)
Harvey et al271 min epoch504
(78)
(n=20)
420
(54)
(n=20)
18.5
(17.8)
(n=20)
13.9
(8.3)
(n=20)
37.5
(30.2)
(n=20)
29.6
(24.5)
(n=20)
Jones et al2815 s epoch450.76
(71.77)
(n=19)
446.78
(30.08)
(n=19)
29.23
(24.89)
(n=19)
17.08
(14.11)
(n=19)
57.86
(22.58)
(n=19)
51.25
(20.39)
(n=19)
84.22
(6.70)
(n=19)
86.42
(4.20)
(n=19)
Kaplan et al2930 s epoch411.9
(85.2)
(n=27)
370.3
(74.7)
(n=27)
12.6
(13.7)
(n=27)
10.8
(11.7)
(n=27)
23.0
(18.0)
(n=27)
34.6
(26.6)
(n=27)
92.4
(4.7)
(n=27)
89.4
(7.2)
(n=27)
Millar et al30434.2
(91.7)
(n=19)
387.5
(53.0)
(n=19)
19.5
(22.1)
(n=19)
8.0
(6.9)
(n=19)
59.0
(26.0)
(n=19)
49.2
(17.5)
(n=19)
83.0
(9.2)
(n=19)
86.9
(3.6)
(n=19)
Ritter et al31546
(n=22)
456
(n=28)
11.12
(n=22)
7.00
(n=28)
87.00
(n=22)
75.36
(n=28)
81.85
(n=22)
81.96
(n=28)
Robillard et al3230 s epoch574.50
(75.94)
(n=20)
477.32
(65.01)
(n=29)
491.69
(69.68)
(n=20)
427.26
(65.82)
(n=29)
82.80
(22.98)
(n=20)
50.05
(14.94)
(n=29)
85.55
(3.52)
(n=20)
89.30
(3.84)
(n=29)
St-Amand et al3330 s epoch416.84
(79.54)
(n=14)
416.00
(31.37)
(n=13)
14.60
(9.02)
(n=14)
15.69
(9.22)
(n=13)
53.73
(16.61)
(n=14)
53.92
(20.79)
(n=13)
85.40
(4.86)
(n=14)
85.79
(4.14)
(n=13)
  • BD, bipolar disorders; HC, Healthy control.