Table 1

Generational patterns and shifts of major depressive disorder incidence

GenerationCohortSign of intercohort deviation for total, female and male populationSign of intracohort slope for total, female and male populationGenerational patterns and shifts
Generation I1910, 1915, 1920, 1925<0>0Age-as-level
Generation II1935, 1940, 1945, 1950>0>0Cumulative disadvantage
Generation III1955, 1960, 1965, 1970, 1975>0<0Age-as-level
Generation IV1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000<0<0Cumulative advantage
  • Orange (generation I) represents the ‘Republic of China’ generation, yellow (generation II) represents the ‘War’ generation, green (generation III) represents the ‘Cultural Revolution’ generation, and blue (generation IV) represents the ‘Reform and Opening Up’ generation. The ‘Republic of China’ was the official name of China after the Revolution of 1911 until the establishment of the People’s Republic of China (1912–1949). The ‘War’ includes the Chinese War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression (1937–1945) and the Kuomintang-Communist Party of China Civil War (1927–1949). The ‘Cultural Revolution’ was a sweeping social and political movement across the People’s Republic of China (1966–1976). The ‘Reform and opening-up’ includes a series of economic reforms in the People’s Republic of China (1978–).