Table 1

Comparison of demographic and clinical characteristics

ItemLSR (n=59)MSR (n=67)HSR (n=55)StatisticsP values
Demographics
 Age20.56 (5.97)19.78 (7.05)20.11 (6.35)F=0.2280.796
 Gender
  Male33 (1.6)32 (0.1)21 (−1.7)χ2=3.5990.165
  Female26 (−1.6)35 (−0.1)34 (1.7)
 Education (year)11.80 (3.63)10.93 (3.44)11.09 (3.54)F=1.0450.354
 Father’s education10.40 (2.57)12.05 (3.44)11.30 (2.94)F=4.6620.011
 Mother’s education10.29 (3.05)11.45 (4.34)10.17 (3.97)F=2.1510.119
SOPS positive symptoms
 APS (N=122)32 (−2.6)52 (2.2)38 (0.3)χ2=7.9040.019
 FEP (N=59)27 (2.6)15 (−2.2)17 (-0.3)
 P14.49 (1.46)4.00 (1.36)4.05 (1.69)F=0.2800.756
 P24.31 (1.88)3.60 (1.78)4.02 (1.65)F=0.7270.485
 P31.56 (1.85)0.82 (1.15)1.22 (1.84)F=1.2340.294
 P43.17 (2.19)2.99 (1.83)3.24 (2.03)F=0.1870.830
 P52.07 (2.08)1.15 (1.55)1.82 (2.05)F=2.0560.131
 P total score15.59 (6.52)12.55 (4.83)14.35 (6.63)F=1.0440.354
GAF
 GAFpast74.29 (7.90)76.82 (5.36)77.24 (3.52)F=1.9960.139
 GAFcurrent48.68 (10.40)54.06 (9.46)51.09 (8.48)F=1.5920.206
 GAFdrop0.35 (0.11)0.30 (0.10)0.34 (0.10)F=2.4840.086
SAI
 SAI-illness2.78 (1.83)4.06 (1.67)3.78 (1.52)F=6.6200.002
 SAI-symptoms1.37 (1.27)2.28 (1.19)2.00 (1.25)F=4.7840.009
 SAI-treatment1.98 (1.29)2.87 (1.25)2.56 (1.23)F=4.3160.015
 SAI-total6.14 (4.04)9.21 (3.80)8.35 (3.65)F=7.8120.001
  • For continuous variables, the figures in the table are means (SD); for categorical variables, the figures are numbers (adjusted standardised residuals).

  • APS, attenuated psychotic symptoms; FEP, first-episode of psychosis; GAF, Global Assessment of Functioning; GAFcurrent, the current GAF score; GAFdrop, the decline rate of GAFcurrent compared with GAFpast; GAFpast, the highest GAF score of last 12 months; HSR, high scores on self-reflectiveness; LSR, low scores on self-reflectiveness; MSR, medium scores on self-reflectiveness; P1, unusual thought content/delusional idea; P2, suspiciousness/concept of persecution; P3, grandiose ideas; P4, abnormal perception/hallucination; P5, disorganising communication; P total score, the total score of the five positive symptoms; SAI, Schedule of Assessment of Insight; SOPS, Scale of Psychotic-risk Syndromes.