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A nationwide survey of psychological distress among Chinese people in the COVID-19 epidemic: implications and policy recommendations
  1. Jianyin Qiu1,
  2. Bin Shen2,
  3. Min Zhao1,
  4. Zhen Wang1,
  5. Bin Xie1 and
  6. Yifeng Xu1
  1. 1 Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China
  2. 2 Department of AI Health Informatics, Siuvo Inc, Shanghai, China
  1. Correspondence to Professor Yifeng Xu; xuyifeng{at}


The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic emerged in Wuhan, China, spread nationwide and then onto half a dozen other countries between December 2019 and early 2020. The implementation of unprecedented strict quarantine measures in China has kept a large number of people in isolation and affected many aspects of people’s lives. It has also triggered a wide variety of psychological problems, such as panic disorder, anxiety and depression. This study is the first nationwide large-scale survey of psychological distress in the general population of China during the COVID-19 epidemic.

  • panic disorder
  • anxiety
  • depression
  • psychological trauma
  • disease notification

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  • Contributors JQ wrote the draft and made the revisions. BS, MZ, ZW and BX review the article and made the revisions. YX made the final revision.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.